By N. J. G. Pounds
Such a lot writings on church heritage were involved mostly with church hierarchy, and with theology, liturgy and canon legislation. This booklet appears to be like on the church ''from below,'' from the bottom stratum of its organization--the parish--in which the church development is visible because the parishioners' handiwork, and as a mirrored image of neighborhood pop culture. The publication discusses in flip the beginning and improvement of parishes, their functionality, and the church cloth that embodied the aspirations of parishioners.
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Extra info for A History of the English Parish: The Culture of Religion from Augustine to Victoria
Seems to have taken on a diﬀerent complexion. Roman Christianity was intellectual, reﬁned, urbane; Celtic was ascetic, fanatical, proselytising and ﬁercely dogmatic. But the beliefs and practices of the ‘Celtic’ church were nevertheless part of that broad spectrum which had evolved in Mediterranean Europe. There is some slight evidence for Christianity in late Roman Wales, but whether there was any continuity from this phase to the era of the Celtic ‘saints’ is obscure. It is generally held that Christianity reached the western parts of Britain by way of southern Gaul, sometime in the later fourth century.
Charles Thomas has distinguished three types of church at this time:14 . Congregational churches, as he terms them, built within cities and equipped with baptistries and residences for the local bishop. . Cemetery churches, established outside the walls of Roman cities and close to the burial places of the faithful and perhaps also to some relic of a saint or martyr. In the course of time ‘the immemorial boundary between the city of the living and of the dead came to be breached’,15 as relics of the dead were brought within the walls.
There was a shift in the geographical pattern of settlement. 90 The former he tentatively ascribed to the Germanic invaders; the latter to the indigenous Celtic population. He equated the Domesday ‘vill’ with the nucleated village of the later Middle Ages and early modern times. He recognised that there had been change; that some villages had decayed and even disappeared, while others had come into existence. But overall he assumed that where the earliest sheets of the Ordnance Survey showed a clustered village there had also been a clustered vill at the time of Domesday.