A Medieval Muslim Scholar at Work Ibn Tawus and his Library by Kohlberg

By Kohlberg

Raḍī al-Dī Ibn ṭāwūs (d. 664/1266 in Bagdad) used to be a big determine within the heritage of Shī'ī concept. He released works on topics starting from culture (ḥadīth) and polemics to background and astrology. Ibn ṭāwūs used to be an avid bibliophile, and his quite a few writings comprise remarkably specified information regarding the books that he owned or learn. Kohlberg's publication is split into major elements. the 1st surveys the existence, operating equipment and literary output of Ibn ṭāwūs and provides a longer research of his library. the second one half is an annotated checklist of the entire works (some 660 in quantity) mentioned by way of Ibn ṭāwūs in his to be had writings. a couple of 3rd of those works (both Sunnī and Shī'ī) are usually not extant, or even the lifestyles of a few of them has hitherto no longer been identified. The works conceal quite a lot of matters, together with Qur'ānic exegesis, culture, heritage, theology, astronomy and family tree, and gives a close photo of the highbrow global of a medieval Muslim student. Prof. Kohlberg is a number one authority on Shī'ism, and his monograph is an strange and significant contribution either to the historical past of Islam and to the heritage of Arabic literature and technology.

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Al-ma crifa (Y 38/193); al-TabarI's Ta'r1:kh (IQ 12/542); Ibn AbI I-Thalj's K. al-tanz1:1 fi 1na~~ calii am1:r al-mu'min1:n (Y 45/210); Ibn CUqda's lJad1:th al-waliiya (Y 34/183); al-KhaFb aI-Baghdadi's Ta'r1:kh Baghdiid (MD 213); Ibn Shadhan's Mi'at ~ad1:th (Y 56/236); and a prayer for mid-Rajab (IQ 147/658). None of these chains is included in the fragment preserved in the Bi~iir. AI-TihranI assumes that this Ijiiza is identical with the one IT gave Jamal aI-Din Yusuf b. ammad al-J aba cI from a manuscript copied by alShahId al-Awwal, whence it was taken into the Bi~iir (BA, CVIl, pp.

The earliest list of his literary output is found in his K ashf; it includes the titles of twelve works (K 137-139), one of which (the Muhimmiit) consists of a number of separate texts (see below). That this list was already incomplete at the time of its compilation can be seen from the fact that the K ashf itself includes references to works by that do not appear in the list. A longer list appears in the Jjiiziit, where enumerates many of the works which he composed before about 650/1252-3. This list, too, is not exhaustive: declares (IJ 18/ 42) that he wrote numerous abridgements (mukhta~ariit) whose titles escape him (cf..

I,Iatim al-Shaml(fl. second half of the 7th/13th century; cf. Riyii4, V, pp. mad b. ammad al-cAIawI al-Nassaba (cf. Riyii4, I, p. ammad b. Bashlr aI- cAIawI aI-I,Iusaynl (cf. Riyii4, V, p. 45). See Anwiir, pp. 2, 10, 31, 148-149, 153-154, 175. According to aI-Tihranl, this Ijiiza is mentioned by Shams aI-DIn aI-Qusslnl in his Ijiiza for Najm aI-DIn Tuman b. e. Jamal aI-DIn Abu Man~ur al-I,Iasan b. Zayn aI-DIn alShahld al-Thanl, d. 1011/1602; see Dh XXI 198 no. 4595; Modarressi, p. 8 and index).

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