By R. Lukens-Bull
Based on large ethnographic learn, this booklet examines how the Islamic group in Java, Indonesia, is actively negotiating either modernity and culture within the contexts of nation-building, globalisation, and a meant conflict of civilizations. The pesantren neighborhood, so-called since it is situated round an instructional establishment referred to as the pesantren, makes use of schooling as a valuable enviornment for facing globalization and the development and upkeep of an Indonesian Islamic identification. even if, the community's efforts to strive against with those matters expand past schooling into the general public sphere commonly and particularly within the region of management and politics. The case fabric is used to appreciate Muslim innovations and responses to civilizational touch and clash. students, proficient readers, and complex undergraduates drawn to Islam, spiritual schooling, the development of spiritual identification within the context of nationwide politics and globalization will locate this paintings useful.
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Additional info for A Peaceful Jihad: Negotiating Identity and Modernity in Muslim Java
This is, however, the pattern found at the tombmosque of at least two of the Wali Songo, namely Sunan Kudus and Sunan Ampel. Woodward reports that this pattern was also found at the Mesjid Besar (Grand Mosque) in Yogya before the graves were destroyed by Muhammadiyah people (personal communication, February 1997). People visit graves to obtain barakah, which has existential qualities and thereby can linger in the body and is transmitted to the area around the tomb (Geertz 1968:49). The tombs of men (and sometimes women) possessing barakah form pilgrimage sites throughout Java and the rest of the Islamic world (Mottahedeh 1985:23; Okello Abungu 1994).
Further, by the time of my fieldwork (1994–1995), many Classicalists have published books in Indonesian including Sirajuddin Abbas, whose works are seen as solid summary of pesantren world jurisprudence and religious thought 16 A PEACEFUL JIHAD (Federspiel 1996). Abbas’ four volume Forty Religious Problems (Empat Puluh Masalah Agama) (1995) is used in many pesantren as an intermediary reference text and has been reprinted 24 times since it was first printed in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The common terms Traditionalist and Modernist, are mostly in reference to the question of ijtihad, which is most often translated as interpretation, but may be more correctly defined as “working with the sources of dogma” (Vikør 1995).
Scholars have now turned their attention to the discursive tension between the universal aspects of Islam and the local situation (Bowen 1993b:7). One locus of this discursive tension is in education; the question is how to teach people to be good Muslims 14 A PEACEFUL JIHAD given the existing social and political conditions (Abdullah 1987; Dhofier 1980b). Recent scholars like Woodward, Hefner, and Bowen have begun to correct this paradigm. Woodward is probably Geertz’s strongest critic. His work suggests that a broader understanding of what is Islam is necessary.