Ali Khamenei (Modern World Leaders) by John Murphy

By John Murphy

Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei was once born right into a kinfolk of strict piety and reasonable poverty. As a serious-minded non secular pupil, he quickly stuck the attention of the Ayatollah Khomeini. Upon Khomeini's dying, Khamenei used to be named his successor and have become the Grand Ayatollah of Iran. This biography tells his tale.

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His death provoked a new succession crisis. 37 38 ali khamenei Ali’s supporters argued that his sons should become caliphs, thereby preserving succession through the Prophet’s bloodline. The ruling Mecca elite, however, preferred Mu’awiya, of the influential Umayyads. Ali’s sons, perhaps sensing that there could be no fighting the power of the Mecca aristocracy, withdrew their claims, and Mu’awiya became caliph. Yet Ali’s followers did not abandon their belief in the hereditary succession of the caliphate, and they formed their own party in opposition to the Umayyads and their Mecca backers.

The most important work of this period, aside from the famous One Thousand and One Nights (which introduced the world to Aladdin, Ali Baba, and Sinbad), is the poet Ferdowsi’s tenth-century epic Shanameh (“The Book of Kings”), a 60,000-line poem recounting the thousand years of Persian history stretching from the Achaemenian to the Sassanian eras. The balance of power had shifted, and the Persians were now in a position to look upon their former Arab masters with contempt, despite their shared religion and its continued domination by Arab caliphs.

While in hiding, he was said to have entered a sort of state of spiritual suspended animation. It is believed he will return again to usher in a period of justice in advance of a Day of Judgment. In this suspended state, Shiites are left without a divinely inspired imam to teach and guide them. Therefore, earthly representatives must be appointed to serve as a proxy twelfth imam. These men are referred to as mujtahids, and they are granted the power to interpret the sacred texts of the Koran and the Prophet.

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