An Annotated Timeline of Operations Research: An Informal by Saul I. Gass

By Saul I. Gass

An Annotated Timeline of Operations learn: an off-the-cuff background recounts the evolution of Operations learn (OR) as a brand new technological know-how - the technology of selection making. coming up from the pressing operational problems with international conflict II, the philosophy and method of OR has permeated the answer of choice difficulties in enterprise, undefined, and govt. The Timeline chronicles the historical past of OR within the type of self-contained, expository entries. every one access offers a concise rationalization of the occasions and other people less than dialogue, and offers key resources the place extra appropriate details could be bought. furthermore, books and papers that experience stimulated the improvement of OR or helped to coach the 1st generations of OR teachers and practitioners are pointed out in the course of the booklet. beginning in 1564 with seminal principles that shape the precursors of OR, the Timeline lines the foremost principles and occasions of OR via 2004. The Timeline should still curiosity someone fascinated with OR - researchers, practitioners, teachers, and, specially, scholars - who desire to learn the way OR got here into being. extra, the scope and expository variety of the Timeline may still make it of price to the overall reader drawn to the advance of technological know-how and expertise within the final half the 20th century.

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Gordan’s theorem: There is a vector x with if and only if there is no vector y with y A > 0. [“Über die Auflösung linearer Gleichungen mit reellen Coefficienten,” P. Gordan, Mathematische Annalen, 6, 1873, 23–28; Theory of Linear and Integer Programming, A. Schrijver, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1986] 1873 Galton’s quincunx The English statistician Francis Galton designed the quincunx to illustrate how the normal distribution could arise due to random events. The name stems from an arrangement of five objects, one at each corner of a rectangle or square and one at the center.

L. Doob, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1953; “Harnesses,” J. M. Hammersley, Proceedings of the Fifth Berkeley Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability, 3, 1966, 89–117; The Lady Tasting Tea, D. Salsburg, W. H.

Fisher (1930) was the first to recognize that such limits can be justified and given an exact meaning without appeal to a priori probabilities or Bayesian priors. Fisher used the expression “fiducial probability” to refer to confidence statements. The importance of this advance was duly recognized and highlighted by Jerzy Neyman (1934) (originally written in Polish in 1933). Neyman introduced the terminology of confidence limits. [“Inverse probability,” R. A. Fisher, Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, 26, 1930, 528–535, also, pp.

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