By Nicholas Spencer
Guy lubricates regularly with oil. Nature lubricates solely with water. natural water is a terrible lubricant, however the addition of proteins, specifically glycoproteins, can adjust surfaces to cause them to way more lubricating at gradual speeds. figuring out how nature does this, and the actual constructions concerned, isn't just very important for the certainty of illnesses corresponding to osteoarthritis, but additionally crucial for the profitable software of articulating implants, comparable to hips and knees, in addition to the improvement of scientific units similar to catheters and make contact with lenses. a number of significant purposes of water-based lubrication are already in position within the own care and foodstuff industries, and extra business purposes of water-based lubrication may have an important optimistic influence at the surroundings.
This booklet is the 1st of its style. It brings jointly the newest learn in organic and biomimetic, water-based lubrication and is authored through the world's specialists within the box.
Read or Download Aqueous Lubrication : Natural and Biomimetic Approaches PDF
Similar machinery books
The main complete source on slurries and slurry platforms, overlaying every little thing from fluid mechanics to soil class, pump layout to choice standards. Slurries are combos of beverages and strong debris of every kind. for example, liquid is used as a manner of transporting what you get out of the mine, that can be greater than shoveling it into freight automobiles and sporting it out by means of teach.
"Foundations of Large-Scale Multimedia details administration and Retrieval: arithmetic of Perception"covers wisdom illustration and semantic research of multimedia facts and scalability in sign extraction, info mining, and indexing. The e-book is split into elements: half I - wisdom illustration and Semantic research specializes in the foremost parts of arithmetic of belief because it applies to facts administration and retrieval.
This ebook discusses complicated loadings of turbine blades and protecting layer Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC), less than genuine operating plane jet stipulations. They obey either multi-axial mechanical loading and unexpected temperature version in the course of beginning and touchdown of the airplanes. specifically, sorts of blades are analyzed: desk bound and rotating, that are greatly utilized in turbine engines produced by way of plane factories.
Extra resources for Aqueous Lubrication : Natural and Biomimetic Approaches
Jay, M. Heberer, I. Martin’, Lubricin reduces cartilage-cartilage integration. Biorheology 41(3–4), 503–508 (2004). 1. Introduction Mucosa lines internal organ tissues and body cavities and plays a protective role by secreting slimy and adherent mucus layers. 1−3 As shown in the Fig. 1, mucin is large-molecularweight glycoprotein, constructed from a linear protein backbone with heavy glycosylation of the central part in a tandem pattern. Carbohydrate chains account for 70–80% of the molecular weight of mucin and impart the hygroscopic nature to mucus gels.
Scanning electron-microscopy study and a theoretical model for dynamic interaction of synovial-ﬂuid and articular-cartilage J Biomech 8(3–4), 261–261 (1975). 40. H. Forster, J. Fisher, The inﬂuence of continuous sliding and subsequent surface wear on the friction of articular cartilage. P I Mech Eng H 213(H4), 329–345 (1999). 41. Y. Sawae, T. Murakami, K. Matsumoto, M. Horimoto, Study on morphology and lubrication of articular cartilage surface with atomic force microscopy. J Jpn Soc Tribologists 45(2), 150–157 (2000).
D. Spencer, R. Crockett, The adsorption and lubrication behavior of synovial ﬂuid proteins and glycoproteins on the bearing-surface materials of hip replacements. Biomaterials 30(11), 2072–2078 (2009). 72. M. Roba, C. Bruhin, U. Ebneter, R. Ehrbar, R. Crockett, N. D. Spencer, Latex on Glass: an appropriate model for cartilage-lubrication studies? Tribology Letters 38(3), 267–273 (2010). 73. G. Jay, C. Cha, The eﬀect of phospholipase digestion upon the boundary lubricating ability of synovial ﬂuid.