Authoritarianism and Polarization in American Politics by Marc J. Hetherington

By Marc J. Hetherington

Even though politics on the elite point has been polarized for a while, a scholarly controversy has raged over even if traditional american citizens are polarized. This ebook argues that they're and that the reason being transforming into polarization of worldviews - what publications people's view of correct and mistaken and solid and evil. those adjustments in worldview are rooted in what Marc J. Hetherington and Jonathan D. Weiler describe as authoritarianism. They exhibit that transformations of opinion about the such a lot provocative concerns at the modern factor time table - approximately race, homosexual marriage, unlawful immigration, and using strength to solve safeguard difficulties - replicate modifications in participants' degrees of authoritarianism. This makes authoritarianism a particularly compelling clarification of up to date American politics. occasions and strategic political judgements have conspired to make these kinds of issues extra salient. The authors reveal that the left and the suitable have coalesced round those opposing worldviews, which has supplied politics with extra incandescent colors than ahead of.

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1. 8 Source: American National Election Study, 1964 It is worth noting that the gulf between nonblack Democrats and Republicans on gay rights is roughly the same today as was the difference between southerners and nonsoutherners on civil rights in the mid-1960s. 2 displays the results. On both support for gay marriage and gay adoption, Democrats are more than 30 percentage points more tolerant than are Republicans. The differences are somewhat smaller, but still substantial, for protecting gays from job discrimination and supporting gays in the military.

Fiorina often dismisses large differences in the contemporary context if both groups are on the same side of the midpoint, indicating that the two sides agree on substance but differ only in degree. 9 percent nonsouthern vs. 5 percent). Perhaps northerners and southerners were not polarized on civil rights, but if not on this issue at this point in time, it is not clear where to look for it. 1. 8 Source: American National Election Study, 1964 It is worth noting that the gulf between nonblack Democrats and Republicans on gay rights is roughly the same today as was the difference between southerners and nonsoutherners on civil rights in the mid-1960s.

Elites are prone to polarization because they know and care about politics. As a consequence, they understand the issues and are more inclined to invest themselves in one side or another. , Campbell et al. 1960). Despite all the talk about red states versus blue states, it is not clear that regular people are ­polarized today. A number of factors militate against the emergence of mass level polarization. Most central, the issue agenda is often not conducive to it. Political disagreements differ in their divisiveness from era to era.

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