Autobiographical Memory by David C. Rubin (editor)

By David C. Rubin (editor)

Rubin brings jointly and integrates the simplest modern paintings at the cognitive psychology of stories of the self. Autobiographical reminiscence is the root for many psychotherapies, an incredible repository of felony, old, and literary details, and, in a few perspectives, the resource of the concept that of self. whilst it fails, it's the concentration of great court cases in lots of neurological issues. Introductory chapters position the learn of autobiographical reminiscence in its ancient, methodological, and theoretical contexts. Later chapters document unique learn in regards to the reminiscences humans have of substanial parts in their lives. subject matters contain the schematic and temporal association of autobiographical reminiscence, the temporal distribution of autobiographical stories, and screw ups of autobiographical reminiscence in a number of sorts of amnesia.

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Generic personal memories are constrained by the abstracting properties of the relevant perceptual systems. Thus, I can have a generic personal memory of "going out on the beach" during some vacation but not of "going on vacation," where that includes going hiking in the mountains, going swimming at a beach, and visiting a major city. What is autobiographical memory? 31 As an individual has repeated experiences related to the self, a self-schema is formed. The assumption here is that the information about the self forms a complex knowledge domain and, like information in other domains, it comes to be organized into generic knowledge structures (cf.

45). In addition to this form of evidence Neisser has provided two empirical studies relevant to the issue. In a 1981 paper Neisser compared John Dean's Watergate testimony about his conversations with President Nixon with the actual tapes of those conversations. He found that Dean was essentially correct about what the basic views of each individual were but that most of the details of Dean's 42 W I L L I A M F. BREWER memory about the conversations were incorrect. In a more recent paper Nigro and Neisser (1983) investigated the phenomenal properties of personal memories.

He proposed the terms semantic memory to cover the first and episodic memory to cover the second. Now, in retrospect, it seems that there were problems with Tulving's analysis of episodic memory. In the 1972 paper Tulving stated that episodic memory "stores information about temporally dated episodes or events and temporalspatial relations among these events" (p. 385) and proposed that instances of episodic memory refer to "a personal experience that is remembered in its temporal-spatial relation to other such experiences" (p.

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