Between Culture and Biology: Perspectives on Ontogenetic by Heidi Keller, Ype H. Poortinga, Axel Schölmerich

By Heidi Keller, Ype H. Poortinga, Axel Schölmerich

Breaking clear of the normal nature/nurture dialectic, this examine brings jointly organic, mental and cultural views on improvement. It asserts that the organic bases of habit and cultural context might be approached in an built-in type to correctly comprehend ontogenetic improvement and the restrictions and possibilities for improvement. It additionally examines affects on developmental idea and the level to which cultural rules and practices replicate organic and mental constraints.

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Sample text

Tylor never used the term ‘culture’ in the plural, and it was Franz Boas who began to do so at the end of the nineteenth century. In opposition to the doctrine that race governed the fate of peoples, he argued that culture and history were the essential determinants. He even sought to show that the cephalic index, one of the chief measures of racial identity long used by physical anthropologists, underwent changes in successive generations of immigrants (cf. Stocking, 1982). While Boas’ contribution is well known, that of a German armchair theorist writing at about the same time is not.

Introduction aux memoires. In J. Copans and J. ), Aux origines de l’anthropologie franc¸aise. Paris: Le Sycomore, pp. 71–85. Kardiner, A. (1945). The psychological frontiers of society. New York: Columbia University Press. Keller, H. (1997). Evolutionary approaches. In J. W. Berry, Y. H. Poortinga and J. ), Handbook of cross-cultural psychology, vol. 1: Theory and method, 2nd edn. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, pp. 215–55. Kroeber, A. L. and Kluckhohn, C. (1952). Culture: a critical review of concepts and definitions.

Readings in early anthropology. Chicago: Aldine. Sperber, D. (1996). Explaining culture. Oxford: Blackwell. Stocking, G. W. (1982). Race, culture, and evolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Sully, J. (1895). Studies of childhood. London: Longmans, Green. Tiedemann, D. (1787). Beobachtungen u¨ ber die Entwicklung der Seelenf¨ahigkeiten bei Kindern (Observations on the development of children’s mental capacities). Hessische Beitr¨age zur Gelehrsamkeit und Kunst, 2, 313–33 and 3, 486–502.

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