Between Two Cultures: Late-Nineteenth- And Twentieth-Century by Wen C. Fong

By Wen C. Fong

Between Cultures, through Wen C. Fong, in accordance with a variety of recent chinese language work from the Robert H. Ellsworth assortment within the Metropolitan Museum of paintings, explores the the most important interval from the 1860s to approximately 1980, whilst chinese language portray used to be remodeled right into a sleek expression of its classical history. in contrast to classical chinese language portray courting from sooner than 1860, which has commanded in-depth examine from a realized and complex viewers within the West, glossy chinese language portray has been little explored. the 1st finished assemblage within the West of work in this topic, the Robert H. Ellsworth assortment includes works within the classical chinese language medium of ink on paper and within the conventional codecs of scrolls, album leaves, and fans.

the quantity offers with either traditionalist and modernizing chinese language masters from the comparative views of East and West, conventional and glossy. Dr. Fong starts his exploration with the final revival of conventional chinese language artwork, that of the epigraphic institution of portray, and the increase of a populist artwork within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries within the cosmopolitan urban of Shanghai. His dialogue maintains with painters who absorbed the teachings of Western realism, which they considered as a part of Western technological know-how and expertise. unique cognizance is dedicated to Xu Beihong (1895–1953) and Fu Baoshi (1904–1965), who the lessons, respectively, of the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and the japanese Nihonga type. The paintings of 3 nice traditionalist masters, Qi Baishi (1863–1957), Huang Binhong (1865–1955), and Zhang Daqian (1899–1983), can be analyzed, with emphasis put on Qi and Zhang as specialist populist painters. this is often through a dialogue of portray in mainland China from approximately 1950 to the Eighties via the second one new release of artists and lecturers within the nationwide academies. those painters, having been expert by way of traditionalist and Western-style academics, built their very own colleges of impression of their look for a brand new synthesis of chinese language and Western methods.

one of many critical questions posed within the booklet is, what's "modern" in twentieth-century chinese language portray? a few view modernity because the Westernization of chinese language artwork; others look for components of modernity in chinese language portray heritage. The booklet closes with the author's personal reflections on realism, expression, and modernity and, extra particularly, the query of creativity in either conventional and smooth chinese language portray. [This booklet used to be initially released in 2001 and has long past out of print. This variation is a print-on-demand model of the unique book.]

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