By Michael J. Reznicek
Alcohol, opiates, cocaine and marijuana, between different medicines, were used and abused for millennia. sooner than the affliction version method of drug habit, which posits that habit is a mental and organic challenge and that victims are sufferers, societies had a plausible answer: enable humans eat what they wish, and allow casual cultural controls make stronger liable habit. felony sanctions have been reserved for any use that affected the protection of others. Blowing Smoke proposes an method of the battle on medicines that returns us to the pre-disease-model period. Dr. Reznicek asserts that dependancy isn't really a clinical challenge to be taken care of in rehab or by means of prohibiting substance use. really, he debunks the affliction version, arguing that it has exacerbated the matter by means of telling drug abusers that they're now not chargeable for their habit, that they're in poor health, that they're to not blame. He skillfully argues for a brand new method of drug use and abuse that calls for a shift within the method we struggle the conflict on drugs.
Dr. Reznicek offers a brand new framework for realizing drug abuse: the behavior version. behavior are practiced so long as they supply convenience, and are deserted after they reason discomfort. The behavior version is extra in step with present neuroscientific wisdom and it money owed for the commonly saw phenomenon that almost all substance abusers don’t switch until eventually they “hit bottom,” the purpose the place the results of drug use eventually outweigh its advantages.
Using the behavior version, Dr. Reznicek indicates the answer to the drug challenge is to show again the clock, and to take classes from societies that use social controls and outcomes to accommodate dependancy and drug abuse. He recommends the legalization of gear for adults, the implementation of social practices to dissuade abusers, and the top to using rehab as a fashion of dealing with habit. Blowing Smoke exhibits how such an iconoclastic technique can paintings for us this present day.
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Additional info for Blowing Smoke: Rethinking the War on Drugs Without Prohibition and Rehab
CONCLUSION The modern disease model of alcoholism was successful because it appealed to so many constituencies and provided an answer to the alcohol problem in postprohibition America. The model subsequently was expanded to explain drug abuse and other compulsive behaviors, such as gambling, overeating, shopping, and sex. The next chapter examines drug prohibition laws, which today provide important tactical support for the disease model: if drug abuse is a disease, then drugs are pathogens and must be banned.
Indb 44 1/23/12 7:51 AM RACISM, PROGRESSIVISM, AND DRUG LAWS Columbia now allow individuals with certain chronic diseases to legally purchase and possess limited amounts of marijuana if so recommended or prescribed by a physician. The specifics vary from state to state, but the qualifying diseases usually include cancer, glaucoma, AIDS, multiple sclerosis, chronic pain, or muscle spasms. California was the first state to pass a medical marijuana law in 1996, followed by Alaska (1998), Washington (1998), Oregon (1998), Maine (1999), Colorado (2000), Hawaii (2000), Nevada (2000), Montana (2004), Vermont (2004), Rhode Island (2006), New Mexico (2007), the District of Columbia (2010), Michigan (2008), New Jersey (2010), and Arizona (2010).
3. Homicides over time in the United States. Source: Jeffrey A. S. Prohibitions of Drugs and Alcohol,” American Law and Economics Review 1–2 (1999): 78–114. 4. Federal expenditures on prohibition. Source: Jeffrey A. S. Prohibitions of Drugs and Alcohol,” American Law and Economics Review 1–2 (1999): 78–114. Designer Drugs One of the limitations of drug prohibition is how “chemical entrepreneurs” are able to stay two steps ahead of the prohibition bureaucracy. While the Controlled Substance Act allows regulatory agencies, such as the DEA, to independently ban new substances whose properties are similar to drugs already prohibited, there is a lag between identification of the new drugs and the regulatory engines that will eventually prohibit them.