By Robert Latham
A multidisciplinary view of data know-how because it is utilized by governments and legal companies alike.
Why purchase a multi-billion-dollar satellite tv for pc and visit severe lengths to aim to prevent governmental detection should you can simply purchase slightly airtime and ship one of the million messages going out at any given time?—from Bombs and Bandwidth
Information know-how (IT) has develop into significant to the best way governments, companies, social activities or even terrorist and legal businesses pursue their more and more globalized ambitions. With the emergence of the web and new electronic applied sciences, conventional limitations are more and more beside the point, and conventional concepts—from privateness to surveillance, vulnerability, and exceptionally, security—need to be reconsidered. within the post-9/11 period of "homeland security," the connection among IT and protection has got a brand new and urgent relevance. Bombs and Bandwidth, a undertaking of the Social technological know-how study Council, assembles top students in a variety of disciplines to discover the hot nature of IT-related threats, the recent energy buildings rising round IT, and the moral and political implications bobbing up from this advanced and demanding box.
Contributors contain: Ralf Bendrath, Michael Dartnell, Robert J. Deibert, Dorothy Denning, Chris Hables grey, Rose Kadende-Kaiser, Susan Landau, Robert Latham, Timothy Lenoir, Martin Libicki, Carolyn Nordstrom, Rafal Rohozinski, Marc Rotenberg, Janice Gross Stein, Rachel Yould.
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Additional info for Bombs and Bandwidth: The Emerging Relationship Between Information Technology and Security
Whether any of these numbers is accurate or not matters less for security than that they are being used to justify the expenditure of more resources to solve security problems. Ideally, security would be free, fast, and foolproof. In practice, it is never all three, and companies need to make hard choices about how much to spend and what to spend it on. In determining security expenditures, a reasonable goal is a positive return on investment (ROI): spend x dollars on security and save at least x in losses from attacks.
Such activity is covered at the federal level by the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 and subsequent amendments, and by various other federal and state laws. However, not all countries criminalize these activities, and those that do may not have consistent laws. A second set of laws and regulations governs the investigation of cyber- DOROTHY E. DENNING • 29 attacks and threats by law-enforcement and intelligence officers. These include laws that govern how such agencies are allowed to go about acquiring data about a subject of investigation from third parties, intercepting a subject's communications, and searching and seizing a subject's computing devices.
The Consumer Broadband and Digital Television Promotion Act received considerable support from Hollywood, which seeks technology to protect their intellectual property from distribution on the Internet in violation of copyrights. The IT industry, however, generally opposes any government regulation, as it denies them certain business opportunities. Governments have influenced the security market by issuing criteria for assessing the security offered by a product. S. Department of Defense Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria (the"Orange Book") and more recent international Common Criteria, for example, have led to products that meet specified security objectives and an industry segment concerned with product evaluations.