Breeding Superman: Nietzsche, Race and Eugenics in Edwardian by Dan Stone

By Dan Stone

Ahead of the 1st international battle there existed an highbrow turmoil in Britain as nice as any in Germany, France or Russia, because the debates over Nietzsche and eugenics within the context of early modernism show. With the increase of fascism after 1918, those debates grew to become extra ideologically pushed, with technology and vitalist philosophy being hailed in a few quarters as saviors from bourgeois decadence, vituperated in others as heralding the onset of barbarism. Breeding Superman seems to be at numerous of the major Nietzscheans and eugenicists, and demanding situations the long-cherished trust that British intellectuals have been essentially tired of race. the result's a research of radical principles that are conventionally written out of histories of the politics and tradition of the interval.

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125–49. qxd 21/7/04 12:34 PM Page 21 CHAPTER 2 The statistical map any of the key questions, certainly many of the most popular questions about crime, are quantitative. How much was there? Was it increasing or decreasing? Which types of crime were most prevalent at particular periods or in particular places? Even the central question: did economic and social change foster different kinds of criminality requires statistical evidence to hazard an answer. Yet the statistical evidence of crime is fraught with dangers and difficulties.

Thompson, Whigs and Hunters: The origins of the Black Act, Allen Lane, London, 1975, passim. Both Radzinowicz and Thompson categorise the Black Act as typical of the eighteenth-century Bloody Code, and Thompson explains the legislation in terms of the ruthless Hanoverian ruling class acting in its own interest against the foresters who were resisting that class’s assault on customary rights. However, recent research has identified a crucial and narrowly political motive behind the legislation, namely the Jacobite connection of the foresters, and this does put a very different complexion on the issue.

In November 1765 the printer of the Chelmsford Chronicle appears consciously to have used one or two robberies and some reports of robberies both to boost his sales and to assert his newspaper’s claim to being the key organ of information in Essex. His emphasis on these offences, in turn, generated arrests on flimsy evidence and rewarded him with yet more copy. 10 The London garrotting panic of 1862 appears to have provoked an increase in prosecutions for street robbery. Once press, police and private individuals were aware of the offence, they began to see it all around.

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