By David Brodzinsky
Concentrating on developmental and medical matters in kid's adjustment to adoption, the authors introduce this quantity with an outline of historic and modern views, then discover quite a few theories that experience addressed the difficulty of mental threat linked to adoption.
Following a evaluate of empirical learn on elements that impression the adjustment method, the authors talk about varieties of adoption, examine methodological difficulties, and talk about scientific and overview concerns that often come up in paintings with adoptees and their households.
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Additional info for Children's Adjustment to Adoption: Developmental and Clinical Issues
It is not until the middle childhood years, with the emergence of more sophisticated cognitive abilities and social sensitivities, that children begin to appreciate the profound implications of their unique family status. 29 Adoptiv e Famil y Life Cycle MIDDL E CHILDHOO D During the elementary school years, roughly from 6 to 12 years of age, a number of significant developmental achievements occur that set the stage for important changes in the way children view adoption as well as the type of adoption-related tasks that family members must manage.
This study, like the British study noted above, suggests that although adoption may place a youngster at risk for adjustment problems in childhood, by middle adolescence, and certainly by young adulthood, the problems are greatly diminished, if not eliminated. Longitudinal data from the Delaware Family Study also shed light on developmental patterns in adopted children's adjustment (Hoopes, 1982; Stein & Hoopes, 1985). At 5 years of age, adopted children were rated by researchers, but not by parents, as more fearful, less confident, and less task-motivated than nonadopted children.
Prospective adoptive parents, on the other hand, have no such time frame. After years of failing to conceive a child, couples apply to an adoption agency or seek out the help of an adoption attorney, and then begin to wait for a child. For some, the waiting period will be quite short—perhaps only a few months. For others, however, it may be years before they have a child placed with them for adoption. The uncertainty of the waiting period often fosters increased anxiety, confusion, feelings of helplessness, and depression among prospective adoptive couples.