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Over the final 20 years an increasing number of historians of the eighteenth and early 19th centuries have became their eyes clear of the files of important management, in the direction of neighborhood records, and the lives of the terrible. What they've got chanced on is a wealth of assets a few of which chronicle the lives, and lots of of which checklist the phrases, of operating humans. This ebook will assemble the very best paintings in keeping with those sources.
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Extra info for Chronicling Poverty: The Voices and Strategies of the English Poor, 1640–1840
236, wherein overseers were to 'give a particular Accompt in 42 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. Chronicling Poverty Writeing to the Churchwarden of their Extraordinary Disbursements of the Month then last past, and to whom they dispose the same, and for what. , 2 March and 5 April 1686. 179, 6 Oct. 1696. 323. The possibility is that there was increasing supervision of the extraordinary poor from local JPs in the later seventeenth century. Paley, Justice in Hackney, has a representative selection of such activity, although taken from a later period and thus, possibly, not typical of earlier practice: see above, note 30.
182. 226. See also A. Fletcher, Refonn in the Provinces. 227 and 279. In what follows, 'London' refers to all that area within the Bills of Mortality. V. Pearl, 'Puritans and Poor Relief. The London Workhouse, 1649-1660', in D. Pennington and K. 181. 96. 97-8. S. L. Beier and R. 256 and 273. Going on the Parish 39 14. V. Pearl, 'Social Policy in Early Modem London', in H. Lloyd-Jones, V. Pearl and B. R. 130, notes that some rich city parishes gave relief even to 'transgressors and malefactors' .
4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. II. 12. 13. Chronicling Poverty focuses on the parish of St Martins-in-the-Fields, and those derived from it subsequently, to 1724. That cut-off date is determined by the erection of a parish workhouse under the 1723 Workhouse Test Act, which significantly altered the size and composition of the pensioner population in St Martin's, as it also radically changed the local system of poor relief there. I would like to thank my former research assistant, Jean Hosking, who was employed to work on this project for a year on money generously provided by the Research Committee of Newcastle University, 1992-3.