Conservatism & Southern Intellectuals, 1789-1861: Liberty, by Adam L. Tate

By Adam L. Tate

In Conservatism and Southern Intellectuals, 1789–1861, Adam L. Tate discusses the character of southern conservative proposal among 1789 and 1861 via interpreting six conservatives whose lives and careers spanned the antebellum interval: John Randolph of Roanoke, John Taylor of Caroline, Nathaniel Beverly Tucker, William Gilmore Simms, Joseph Glover Baldwin, and Johnson Jones Hooper. Tate contends that southern conservatism derived its targeted features from its attractiveness of features of John Locke’s political idea because it used to be articulated throughout the American Revolution.

Locke argued that the kingdom and society have been entities which may be reformed and manipulated via males. exhibiting that almost all southern conservative intellectuals permitted Locke’s premise relating to separation of kingdom and society, Tate examines either the political opinions and social imaginative and prescient of the six conservatives surveyed. He can pay particular recognition to how those conservatives handled states’ rights, republicanism, slavery, sectionalism, and faith, in addition to western enlargement and migration.

Tate continues that whereas southern conservatives cast a typical political culture in keeping with outdated Republican interpretations of the structure, they didn't create a unified culture of social concept. even supposing so much of them wanted a cohesive southern highbrow move, in addition to a homogenous southern tradition, their disagreements over the nice society avoided them from making a universal southern social imaginative and prescient to accompany their states’ rights political tradition.

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The Federalists, the Antifederalists, and the American Political Tradition, –. The Randolph quotation comes from “Speech on Executive Powers,” March , , reprinted in Kirk, John Randolph of Roanoke, . See also Herbert J. Storing, What the Antifederalists Were For: The Political Thought of the Opponents of the Constitution, –. Storing discusses the anti-Federalists’ support for a small republic. ” . Taylor, New Views of the Constitution, . See James P. McClellan, introduction to New Views of the Constitution.

Randolph argued that any compromise in the Yazoo case was a sign of corruption because the Congress was rewarding fraudulent speculators by giving away the five million acres. ” Not only that, but Congress would be interfering with the legislature of Georgia, which had voided the sale in . ” To Randolph, the Yazoo compromise destroyed both states’ rights and self-government. Republicans who compromised their principles and voted for the Yazoo fraud were dooming the Republic. Randolph stood on principle, as he would do in opposing Jefferson’s secret dealings to obtain West Florida.

Randolph opposed the approaching war with the British because, according to his republican principles, war could be fought only for the defense of the liberties of the people. War with Britain would be folly. ” The British navy was the sole obstacle to Napoleon’s domination of Europe and perhaps even the Western Hemisphere. Peace with Britain was, for Randolph, imperative. ” Talk of fighting Britain to obtain Canada for the United States enraged Randolph. ” But Randolph was a voice crying out in the wilderness.

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