By James R. Melcher
Designed for use as a graduate-level textual content and as an engineering reference paintings, Continuum Electromechanics offers a accomplished improvement of its subject—the interplay of electromagnetic forces and ponderable media, the mechanical responses to electromagnetic fields, and the reciprocal results of the fabric motions produced by way of these fields. The author’s process is extremely interdisciplinary, and he introduces primary recommendations from such topics as electrohydrodynamics, magnetohydrodynamics, plasma physics, electron beam engineering, fluid mechanics, warmth move, and actual chemistry. The functions of continuum electromechanics also are remarkably varied, and plenty of of them are handled within the booklet, either as a result of their intrinsic engineering significance and as a method of illustrating uncomplicated rules. between those purposes are the layout of rotating machines and synchronous turbines, polymer processing, magnetic melting and pumping in metallurgical operations, the processing of plastics and glass, the manufacture of man-made fibers, inductive and dielectric heating, thermal-to-electrical strength conversion, the keep an eye on of pollution, the layout of controlled-fusion units, picture processing and printing, the magnetic levitation and propulsion of autos, the examine of flicks and membranes, and the research of the advanced electrokinetic and physicochemical techniques that underlie the sensing and motor services of organic platforms. lots of those functions are awarded within the type of difficulties. The ebook includes 11 chapters, entitled creation to Continuum Electromechanics; Electrodynamic legislation; Approximations, and kin; Electromagnetic Forces, strength Densities, and tension Tensors; Electromechanical Kinematics; Energy-Conversion types and procedures; cost Migration, Convection, and rest; Magnetic Diffusion and Induction Interactions; legislation, Approximations, and kin of Fluid Mechanics Statics and Dynamics of platforms Having a Static Equilibrium; Electromechanical Flows; Electromechanics with Thermal and Molecular Diffusion; and Streaming Interactions
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Extra info for Continuum Electromechanics
Built in from the start in the quasistatic field laws is a self-consistency with other Gal ilean invariant laws describing mechanical continua that will b e brought in in later chapters. 6 Integral Theorems Several integral theorems prove useful . not only in the description of electromagnetic field• but also in dealing with continuuQ mechanics and elec tromechanic s . These theorems will be stated here lti th out proof . If it is recognized that the gradient operator is defined such that i ts line integral between two endpoints (a) and (b ) is simply the scalar function evaluated at the endpoints .
2 . 3 . 24b. It 0 be written to make it look like Gauss ' law for the electric field: 0 . (1) 'rbat is , Eq. 1 can .. The magnetic charge density Pm is in this sense the source of the 11&gnetic field intensity. Faraday ' s law of induction must be revised if magnetization is present. If µc,M is a aagnetic flus density , then , through magnetic induction . its ra te of change is c apable of produc ing an induced electric f ield intensity . Also, if Faraday ' s law of induction were to remain valid without alteration , then its divergence must be consistent vith Eq.
2. 6 . q . 2), Eq . 4 becomes a statement of how to take the time derivative of a volume integral when the volume 1a a function of time : (5) .. Again , Vs is the veloc ity of the surface enclosing the volume V. 2. 7 Quasistat i c Integral Laws There are at least three reasons for desiring Maxwell ' s equations in integral form. , the in tegral equations are c onvenien t for establishing jump conditions icplied by the differential equa tions . Second , they are the basis for defining lumped parameter variables such as the voltage , charge , current , and f lux.