By Pierre R. Dasen, Ramesh C. Mishra
Selfish spatial language makes use of coordinates relating to our physique to discuss small-scale area ('put the knife at the correct of the plate and the fork at the left'), whereas geocentric spatial language makes use of geographic coordinates ('put the knife to the east, and the fork to the west'). How do teenagers discover ways to use geocentric language? And why do geocentric spatial references sound unusual in English once they are ordinary perform in different languages? This booklet reviews baby improvement in Bali, India, Nepal, and Switzerland and explores how young children learn how to use a geocentric body either while conversing and acting non-verbal cognitive projects (such as remembering destinations and directions). The authors learn how those talents strengthen with age, examine the socio-cultural contexts within which the training occurs, and discover the ecological, cultural, social, and linguistic stipulations that favour using a geocentric body of reference.
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Extra resources for Development of Geocentric Spatial Language and Cognition: An Eco-cultural Perspective
Taxonomic classification, and also the Asian vs. Western modes of thought can all be interpreted in terms of cognitive style. Nisbett (2003) would no doubt disagree, since he writes that “the research shows that there are indeed dramatic differences in the nature of Asian and European thought processes” (p. xviii, our emphasis). In fact, Nisbett’s own colleagues are more moderate in this respect. The following quote could easily be interpreted in terms of cognitive styles:Â€ “Although both systems of thought are in principle cognitively available to all normal adult humans, cultural experiences may encourage reliance on one system at the expense of another, giving rise to systematic cultural differences.
1 in chapter 2) is based on Pederson’s, except that while we count his first three categories as Â�geocentric (G), we keep both landmark categories separate. Their status will be discussed below, because we are not convinced that they are really geocentric. One of the main questions in both Levinson’s research and ours deals with the consequences of using one FoR rather than another, particularly for nonÂ�linguistic cognitive tasks. Levinson (2003) asks this question at the group level:Â€if a language shows a strong preference for one of the frames, do speakers of that language tend to use that frame also in non-linguistic tasks?
149–162), among others. Recently, there has been a notable revival of this hypothesis (Bowerman & Levinson, 2001; Gentner & Goldin-Meadow, 2003; Gumperz & Levinson, 1996; Levinson & Wilkins, 2006; Pederson & Nuyts, 1997).