Dictionary of mental handicap by Mary P. Lindsey

By Mary P. Lindsey

First released in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.

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New York: Plenum Press. CARR, J. (1980) Helping Your Handicapped Child. London: Penguin Books. E. ) (1976) Behaviour Modification: Principles, Issues and Applications. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. FOXX, R. (1983) Increasing Behaviours of Severely Retarded and Autistic Persons. Illinois: Research Press. FOXX, R. (1983) Decreasing Behaviours of Severely Retarded and Autistic Persons. Illinois: Research Press. E. (1980) Behaviour Modification in Applied Settings. Illinois: Homewood. C. P. ) (1975) Behaviour Modification with the Severely Retarded.

Such procedures potentially undermine human rights and very vigorous controls on their use must be applied. CORBETT, J. (1975) Aversion for the treatment of self-injurious behaviour. J. Ment. Defic. , 19:79–96. R. (1978) Reducing selfinjurious behaviors in three classrooms by facial screening. Am. J. Ment. , 82: 510–513. MARHOLIN, D. et al (1980) Responsecontingent taste-aversion in treating chronic ruminative vomiting of institutionalized retarded children. J. Ment. Defic. , 24:47–56. N. (1979) Aversive control of breath-holding.

Athetoid See athetosis. Athetosis The term means ‘no fixed position’ and in this condition there are uncontrolled, slow, continuous movements which are writhing, repeated, often frequent and usually most severe in hands and feet, although the face may also be affected. It is caused by damage to particular parts of the brain and lack of oxygen and/or severe jaundice at the time of birth are possible causes. In the first year or two of life the baby is often floppy and the athetosis develops later.

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