Digital Soul: Intelligent Machines And Human Values by Thomas Georges

By Thomas Georges

Should the day come whilst clever machines not just make computations but in addition imagine and event feelings as people do, how do we distinguish the “human” from the “machine”? This advent to synthetic intelligence – and to its most likely profound social, ethical, and moral implications – is designed for readers with very little technical heritage. In obtainable, concentrated, enticing discussions, physicist and award-winning technology author Thomas Georges explores the elemental matters: what's attention? Can desktops be wakeful? If machines may perhaps imagine or even think, might they then be entitled to “human” rights? Will machines and folks merge right into a biomechanical race? should still we fear that super-intelligent machines may take over the area? Even now we proceed to place more and more subtle machines in command of serious facets of our lives in ways in which may possibly carry unexpected effects for the human race. Digital Soul demanding situations we all, ahead of it’s too past due, to consider carefully and rationally concerning the form of global we'll are looking to stay in – with clever machines ever nearer by way of our sides.

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Viewed from the outside, all goal-seeking mechanisms act the same, whether the goals are simple or complex, and regardless of what kind of agent pursues them. Goals and Values Understanding one’s goals and making decisions about how to reach them are clearly important components of human intelligence. Whenever people set goals, they are influenced and guided by built-in cognitive biases that we call values. But where do values come from? Some values, like our strong desires to protect offspring and to acquire and defend territory, seem to be genetically programmed.

It’s a trade-off between control and convenience. The same kind of trade-off applies to the design of any intelligent machine. If you want a robot to do your grocery shopping, you can imagine a very smart machine that automatically senses which groceries you have run out of, as well as the ones you need for the meals you plan. It decides when it needs to shop. It knows the way to the 52 digital soul market and where to find everything. It comparison-shops for the most economical brands and sizes, and so on.

1 By suitably defining these words, you can get any answer you want. ”2 Yet in our daily speech, we often attribute thinking to machines. ” When I have a fire going in my living room, I sometimes say that the thermostat thinks it’s warm enough and doesn’t turn the furnace on, even though it’s freezing in my bedroom. Are these merely anthropomorphisms, or are we attributing rudimentary thinking powers to those machines? 3 Most of the philosophical verbiage spent addressing such questions can be bypassed if we agree that there is no sharp boundary or test (such as the Turing test) that separates thinking from nonthinking entities, that is, that intelligence has no precise definition.

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