By Janet Carr
The commonest, most simply famous and possibly the main researched unmarried inflicting studying incapacity is Down's syndrome. Dr. Carr has the lives of a population-based cohort of Down's syndrome matters from beginning to early maturity. This quantity, according to wide interviews and questionnaires that target primary problems with improvement and upbringing, info fairly the advance of analysis teams among the a while eleven and 21 with a longitudinal standpoint connection with prior years as applicable. Dr. Carr investigates a variety of components from habit, self-discipline and independence to results at the kinfolk and the availability of aid from providers. the gathering of this special information spanning the 1st twenty-one years of existence allows Dr. Carr to provide dialogue and suggestion that would be of overseas relevance and a useful reference for medical psychologists, social staff and all others concerned about the care, wellbeing and fitness and future health of Down's syndrome members and their households.
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Extra info for Down's Syndrome: Children Growing Up
The decline has been variously suggested as resulting from deterioration of cerebral function, artifacts of test construction or content, or specific neuromotor and sensory disabilities emerging with age, but no definitive conclusion has been reached (see Gibson 1978, pp. 30-34). In the present study mean scores declined until 11 years, so the mean increase at 21 years, of nearlyfiveIQ points, was unexpected. 2 points. So the increase in mean IQ at 21 does not appear to be due to the loss of low-scoring subjects, and the 21 year mean is similar to that reported from a group with an average chronological age (CA) of 28 (Holmes & Carr 1991).
And taken with a pinch of scientific salt. THREE The developmental study I n 1963, at the start of the Surrey study, the task for the psychologist was simply to give developmental tests to the identified cohort of infants with Down's syndrome. Subsequently, the scope of this part of the inquiry was considerably broadened, but the mapping of the intellectual progress of the group has continued to be an important aspect of it. The focus of the intellectual mapping has also broadened: from 6 weeks to 4 years, tests of mental and motor development only were given; at 11 years a test of language was added, and at 21 years tests of academic attainment (reading and arithmetic) were also included.
Thirty-one young people could be included on the 'reading-level' test as opposed to 16 on reading accuracy. Because almost twice as many subjects contributed to the 'reading-level' score than to reading accuracy the former was often the more useful for statistical analyses. On the arithmetic test more than two-thirds gained a score (the earliest items on this test consist simply of identifying single numbers). g. g. g. four lOp coins and two 5p coins make . . ) ; only two of the most able could give the number of pence in a pound or do any two-figure adding or subtraction; none succeeded with multiplication or division.