By Philip B. Heymann, William N. Brownsberger, David Boyum, Jonathan Caulkins, Gene M. Heyman, Mark Kleiman, Mark H. Moore, Peter Reuter, Sally Satel, George E. Vaillant
This ebook is the end result of 5 years of impassioned conversations between distinctive students in legislation, public coverage, drugs, and biopsychology, concerning the such a lot tough questions in drug coverage and the examine of addictions. As those intensely argued chapters express, the most obvious solutions are regularly desirable yet usually flawed. Do drug addicts have an ailment, or is their habit less than their regulate? should still they be taken care of as sufferers, or as criminals? hard the normal knowledge in either the psychiatric neighborhood and the enforcement group, the authors convey the falsity of those ordinary dichotomies. They argue that the true query is how coercion and help can be utilized jointly to guide addicts towards effective existence. Written in transparent and forceful language, with no ideological blinkers and with shut realization to empirical facts, this ebook has whatever to educate either amateur and specialist within the fields of drug habit and drug coverage. The authors' resistance to sloganeering from correct or left will elevate the standard of public dialogue of a posh factor, and give a contribution to the administration of 1 of the main painful and enduring difficulties of yankee society.
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Extra info for Drug Addiction and Drug Policy: The Struggle to Control Dependence (Mind Brain Behaviour Initiative)
An obvious objection to this 30 Drug Addiction and Drug Policy view is that it places far too much emphasis on the underlying demand. It ignores the impact of the environment or social conditions on the demand for drugs. And it misses the way social conditions transform relatively benign patterns of drug use into events that produce serious adverse consequences. At the extreme, some would argue that there wouldn’t be much consumption of drugs if social conditions were more prosperous or more just, or if there were no ﬁnancial proﬁt in the illicit trade.
Or the only reason drug users become so unhealthy is that drugs sold in illicit markets cannot be quality controlled and are apt to be unpredictable as to dose and loaded up with dangerous contaminants. This criticism, too, is apt. One way to deal with it is to treat the broad social conditions that affect the drug problem as inclusive of the conditions created by drug and other social policies. Thus the current level of poverty and racial discrimination in labor markets could be seen as at least partly a consequence of failed policies in these areas.
It might also include supply reduction and drug law enforcement options. In fact, this deﬁnition of drug prevention is so broad that it excludes no important drug policy instruments. A more restrictive deﬁnition would limit prevention programs to those which operate on speciﬁc parts of the drug abuse problem in particular ways (Polich et al. 1984). For example, we could limit drug prevention policies to those designed to prevent persons who have never used drugs from initiating use. This deﬁnition would exclude treatment programs that seek to prevent future use by persuading current users to give up their drug use.