By Margaret P. Battin, Erik Luna, Arthur G. Lipman, Paul M. Gahlinger, Douglas E. Rollins, Jeanette C. Roberts, Troy L. Booher
This compact and leading edge booklet tackles one of many crucial matters in drug coverage: the shortcoming of a coherent conceptual constitution for pondering medications. medicinal drugs as a rule fall into one in every of seven different types: prescription, over-the-counter, substitute drugs, common-use medicines like alcohol, tobacco and caffeine; religious-use, activities enhancement; and naturally unlawful highway medications like cocaine and marijuana. Our considering and regulations varies wildly from one to the opposite, with inconsistencies that derive extra from cultural and social values than from clinical or medical proof. consequences exist for steroid use, whereas natural treatments or chilly medicine are felony. local american citizens might legally use peyote, yet others would possibly not. consequences may perhaps range for utilizing various different types of an analogous drug, resembling crack vs. powder cocaine. natural treatments are unregulated through the FDA; yet scientific marijuana is illegitimate in such a lot states. Battin and her individuals lay a starting place for a smarter drug coverage by means of selling consistency and coherency within the dialogue of drug concerns and by way of encouraging a different discussion throughout disciplines. The members are an interdisciplinary team of students regularly established on the collage of Utah, and contain a pharmacologist, a psychiatrist, a toxicologist, a tribulation court docket pass judgement on, a legislations professor, an legal professional, a diatary professional, a doctor, a healthiness specialist on substance abuse, and Battin herself who's a thinker. they think about questions just like the historic improvement of present coverage and the rationales for it; medical perspectives on how medications really reason damage; how to find the main notions of injury and habit; and ways that drug coverage could be made extra constant. They finish with an exam of the results of a constant coverage for numerous disciplines and society as a rule. The publication is written accessibly with no need for professional wisdom, and should entice a various viewers of philosophers, bioethicists, clinicians, coverage makers, legislations enforcement, criminal students and practitioners, social employees, and normal readers, in addition to to scholars in components like pharmacy, drugs, legislation, nursing, sociology, social paintings, psychology, and bioethics.
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Extra resources for Drugs and Justice: Seeking a Consistent, Coherent, Comprehensive View
The USP deﬁnition of “drug” does not include substances that have not yet been accepted as such by medical authorities. In effect, this means that these substances have not been approved for use as medications by the federal Food and Drug Administration. ” They cannot be prescribed or used legally in humans except under speciﬁc clinical protocols that meet stringent criteria for safety and require informed consent, which then permits a special investigational license, known as an “investigational new drug exemption” (IND).
Yale University Press 1973; New York: Oxford University Press, 1987, 1999). 28 Drugs and Justice identifying apparent inconsistencies, providing greater overall coherence, and bridging gaps in comprehensiveness. This would be equally relevant whether a policy shift looming ahead was from liberal to conservative or from conservative to liberal; policies can be unjust at either extreme, and for that matter also in between. By looking at the underpinnings of drug theory, drug policy, and the myriad diverse practices about drugs across the board, this volume seeks to provide a ﬁrst step toward this end.
In its purely formal understanding, the principle of justice requires that one treat like cases alike. This basic principle identiﬁes all three of the requirements of consistency, coherence, and comprehensiveness as prerequisites for justice in drug policy: what is done in a speciﬁc case must not contradict what is done in a relevantly similar case; what counts as like and unlike cases must “ﬁt together” in a coherent account or system, and all relevant cases must be considered. But what makes Aristotle’s principle intuitively appealing—the fact that it applies to all cases— also makes it unhelpful in practice.