The Ballets of Daniel-François-Esprit Auber by Robert Ignatius Letellier

By Robert Ignatius Letellier

Daniel-François-Esprit Auber (Caen 29 January 1782- Paris 12/13 might 1871) is essentially remembered as one of many nice masters of opéra-comique, but additionally performed an important position within the improvement of Romantic ballet throughout the lengthy danced interludes and divertissements in his grand operas l. a. Muette de Portici, Le Dieu et los angeles Bayadère, Gustave III, ou Le Bal masque, Le Lac des fées, L Enfant prodigue, Zerline, and the opéra-ballet model of Le Cheval de bronze. Auber additionally tailored tune of varied of his operas to create the ranking of the full-length ballet Marco Spada; it's really assorted from his personal opera at the topic. also, numerous choreographers have used Auber s tune for his or her ballets, between them Frederick Ashton (Les Rendezvous, 1937), Victor Gsovsky (Grand Pas Classique, 1949) and Lew Christensen (Divertissement d Auber, 1959). l. a. Muette de Portici (1828), choreographed by way of Jean-Pierre Aumer, is decided opposed to the Neapolitan rebellion of 1647, and was once played 500 occasions in Paris on my own among 1828 and 1880. The opera offers one of many few severe topics the composer tackled, and one that critics stumbled on to have a persuasive dramatic content material. An strange element of the paintings is that the most personality, a mute woman, is played via a mime or a ballerina. The position of ballet in l. a. Muette is necessary in environment the neighborhood scene, utilizing dance episodes, no matter if courtly, and as a result Spanish as within the guarucha and bolero in act 1, or renowned, and hence Neapolitan as within the act three tarantella. Dance can be innate to the dramatic state of affairs within the prolonged mime sequences for the mute heroine every one with its personal in particular crafted tune and personality. The tune responds to, and displays, the bright and enforcing scenic results (based on historic and pictorial study by means of the nice degree designers and painters Cicéri and Daguerre). Le Dieu et los angeles Bayadère (1830), set in India, used to be choreographed through Filippo Taglioni. Eugène Scribe, not just the most influential of opera librettists, but additionally a number one determine within the heritage of ballet, wrote the situation for the danced half, which used to be really lengthy and of creative benefit. within the ballet scenes of the opera, the choreographer, the most very important exponents of dance within the Romantic interval, used to be already experimenting with the tips and magnificence that have been to symbolize the creations of his major, and of the Romantic ballet as an entire: an unique fairy story topic (often pseudo-Medieval or pastoral), and weird amorous affairs with supernatural beings, within the theatrical, musical and literary style of the interval. exceptionally, the Romantic ballet enthusiastic about the idealization of the ballerina, floating at the counsel of her feet, a determine of airy lyricism. all of the ballets by means of Filippo Taglioni have been designed to reveal his daughter Marie s luminous inventive character. The seriously mime-oriented function of the bayadère Zoloé was once considered one of Marie Taglioni s createst triumphs.

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The principal dancers for that occasion included Cynthia Gregory, Terry Orr, and Virginia Johnson. The original pas de trois, however, is the version most often performed today. " Fig. 10 From the Divertissement d'Auber xxxiv The Ballets of Daniel-François-Esprit Auber The Choreographers of Auber’s Ballets Fig. 11 Filippo Taglioni Figs. 12 and 13 Jean Coralli Introduction Fig. 14 Joseph Mazilier xxxv Fig. 15 Lucien Petipa Fig.

15 Lucien Petipa Fig.

Air de Ballet (5) 6. Prima Ballerina (No. 9 Air et Scène, last section) 7. Air de Ballet (4) 8. Finale (Orgie) (Overture, last section, based on the orchestral part of No. 14b) Grand Pas Classique (pas de deux) Music: Daniel-François-Esprit Auber Music arranged by William McDermott Choreography: Victor Gsovsky Staged: Oleg Briansky Costumes: Marcos Paredes Lighting: Nananne Porcher First performance: Paris, Les Ballets des Champs-Elysees, Théâtre des Champs-Elysees, 12 November 1949 Original cast: Yvette Chauvire, Vladimir Skouratoff American Ballet Theater première: New York State Theater, New York, 11 July 1972 Cast: Cynthia Gregory, Ted Kivitt Premiered in Paris in the year 1949, Grand Pas Classique by Russian choreographer and ballet master Victor Gsovsky (1902-74) is a homage to classical dance.

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